Red famine : Stalin's war on Ukraine.

by Applebaum, Anne,

Format: Print Book 2018
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Dormont Public Library Non-Fiction ON HOLDSHELF
Location  Dormont Public Library
Collection  Non-Fiction
NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER * A revelatory history of one of Stalin's greatest crimes, the consequences of which still resonate today, as Russia has placed Ukrainian independence in its sights once more--from the author of the Pulitzer Prize-winning Gulag and the National Book Award finalist Iron Curtain.

"With searing clarity, Red Famine demonstrates the horrific consequences of a campaign to eradicate 'backwardness' when undertaken by a regime in a state of war with its own people." -- The Economist

In 1929 Stalin launched his policy of agricultural collectivization--in effect a second Russian revolution--which forced millions of peasants off their land and onto collective farms. The result was a catastrophic famine, the most lethal in European history. At least five million people died between 1931 and 1933 in the USSR. But instead of sending relief the Soviet state made use of the catastrophe to rid itself of a political problem. In Red Famine , Anne Applebaum argues that more than three million of those dead were Ukrainians who perished not because they were accidental victims of a bad policy but because the state deliberately set out to kill them. Devastating and definitive, Red Famine captures the horror of ordinary people struggling to survive extraordinary evil.

Applebaum's compulsively readable narrative recalls one of the worst crimes of the twentieth century, and shows how it may foreshadow a new threat to the political order in the twenty-first.
Published Reviews
Booklist Review: "*Starred Review* Pulitzer Prize-winning Applebaum's (Iron Curtain, 2012) richly researched account of the Ukrainian famine of 1932-33 pulls no punches, either in its harrowing descriptions of starvation or its assertive analysis of the cynical Stalinist political calculus that caused it. Although there were food shortages in many parts of the USSR then, the situation in Ukraine, traditionally the breadbasket of Eastern Europe, was made particularly dire by Soviet policy decisions designed to squeeze value from the region and punish it for past disloyalty. Collectivization of farms forced peasants to give up their land, depriving them of sustenance, while the authorities confiscated all available grain for the military, Soviet officials, and political loyalists. As the population began to starve, Stalin's secret police purged the region of intellectuals and Ukrainian nationalists, and fomented violence that turned the poorest peasants against their slightly wealthier neighbors. The result, captured in survivors' accounts and further revealed in recently opened archives, was hell on earth: scoured landscapes, distended bodies and destroyed minds, corpses in the street, and horrific choices. Applebaum deftly parses decades of politicized reportage and deliberate obfuscation to show how seemingly distinct aspects of Stalinism were deployed to suppress an independent Ukraine. Applebaum adds important context and compelling insights to WWII history and more recent regional conflicts. Highly recommended.--Driscoll, Brendan Copyright 2017 Booklist"
From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.
Publisher's Weekly Review: "In this monograph, which is sure to be controversial, Applebaum (Iron Curtain), a professor of practice at the London School of Economics who lives in Poland, argues that Stalin's 1929 plan for agricultural collectivization was more sinister than socialist and that he sought to systematically rid the burgeoning Soviet Union of Ukrainian peasants. Her eyebrow-raising thesis is that Stalin ruthlessly used famine as a weapon to kill off Ukrainian peasants, intending to replace them with more compliant Russians to secure both a bread basket and a military front. Applebaum attempts to show how collectivization resulted in genocide and outlines Stalin's prolonged death plan for Ukraine, beginning with the Ukrainian peasant uprising of 1919 and including both its bureaucratic underpinnings and horrifying consequences. Reframing the history of this sad period in terms of hatred and nationalism, Applebaum states that in 1932, amid drought and crop failure, "the Kremlin could have offered food aid to Ukraine," but Stalin instead stepped up the famine campaign. It is an inflammatory accusation based on circumstantial evidence, and even Applebaum admits that "no written instructions governing the behavior of activists have ever been found." The Nazis also had a "Hunger Plan" for Ukraine, which according to her was Stalin's "multiplied many times," but they never implemented it. Applebaum's revisionist historiography may serve her concluding claims against Vladimir Putin's aggressions today, but it doesn't stand up to deep scrutiny. Maps & illus. (Oct.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved."

Additional Information
Subjects catreq
Publisher Anchor Books,2018
Edition First Anchor Books edition.
Description 544 pages : some B&W images ; 21 cm
ISBN 9780804170888
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