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Operation Paperclip : the secret intelligence program that brought Nazi scientists to America

by Jacobsen, Annie,

Format: Large Print 2014
Availability: Available at 1 Library 1 of 1 copy
Available (1)
Location Collection Call #
Mt. Lebanon Public Library Large Print Non-Fiction LP 940.5486 Jac
Location  Mt. Lebanon Public Library
 
Collection  Large Print Non-Fiction
 
Call Number  LP 940.5486 Jac
 
 
Summary
The explosive story of America's secret post-WWII science programs, from the author of the New York Times bestseller Area 51 .

In the chaos following World War II, the U.S. government faced many difficult decisions, including what to do with the Third Reich's scientific minds. These were the brains behind the Nazis' once-indomitable war machine. So began Operation Paperclip, a decades-long, covert project to bring Hitler's scientists and their families to the United States.

Many of these men were accused of war crimes, and others had stood trial at Nuremberg; one was convicted of mass murder and slavery. They were also directly responsible for major advances in rocketry, medical treatments, and the U.S. space program. Was Operation Paperclip a moral outrage, or did it help America win the Cold War?

Drawing on exclusive interviews with dozens of Paperclip family members, colleagues, and interrogators, and with access to German archival documents (including previously unseen papers made available by direct descendants of the Third Reich's ranking members), files obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, and dossiers discovered in government archives and at Harvard University, Annie Jacobsen follows more than a dozen German scientists through their postwar lives and into a startling, complex, nefarious, and jealously guarded government secret of the twentieth century.

In this definitive, controversial look at one of America's most strategic, and disturbing, government programs, Jacobsen shows just how dark government can get in the name of national security.
Published Reviews
Booklist Review: "*Starred Review* By the end of 1945, the alliance of the Western powers with the Soviet Union had frayed, and the basic outlines of what would become the Cold War had taken shape. At the same time, military, scientific, and political leaders in the U.S. had become acutely aware of the value of German scientists responsible for great advances in rocketry and biological research under the Nazis. So, in August 1945, President Truman authorized the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA), a division of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), to aggressively recruit German scientists to come to the U.S. and to work for various government-affiliated programs. Truman had stipulated that members of the Nazi Party were not to be included. As Jacobsen, an investigative journalist, illustrates, the JIOA adroitly sidestepped Truman's directive through an intense program of fraud and deception. Documents were forged or altered, wartime activities were covered up, and, in some cases, entirely new identities were created, all in the service of our national interest. Some of these men were only marginal Nazis, but some were fervent true believers directly responsible for war crimes. This is an engrossing and deeply disturbing expose that poses ultimate questions of means versus ends.--Freeman, Jay Copyright 2010 Booklist"
From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.
Publisher's Weekly Review: "As comprehensive as it is critical, this latest expose from Jacobsen (Area 51) is perhaps her most important work to date. Though Americans are quick to remember the United States' heroic feats in WWII, they tend to be more amnesic (or allergic) toward some of our nation's shadier activities in the effort-one of which seems to have been forgotten altogether. For just as some Nazis awaited trial at Nuremburg, others-namely prominent, potentially useful scientists-were secretly smuggled into the country by the U.S. government to help prepare for an ostensibly impending "total war" with the Soviets. In fact, even an appearance at Nuremburg didn't rule out a trip to the States. Needless to say, what to do with potentially useful war criminals posed an unusual predicament. If such a claim sounds dubious, Jacobsen persuasively shows that it in fact happened and aptly frames the dilemma in terms of "Who would be hired, and who would be hanged?" Rife with hypocrisy, lies, and deceit, Jacobsen's story explores a conveniently overlooked bit of history the significance of which continues to resonate in the national security issues of today. (Feb.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved."
(c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved
Additional Information
Subjects World War, 1939-1945 -- Technology.
Brain drain -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
Scientists -- Recruiting -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
Scientists -- Recruiting -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Physicians -- Recruiting -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
Nazis -- History -- 20th century.
War criminals -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
Intelligence service -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Military research -- History -- 20th century.
German Americans -- History -- 20th century.
Large type books.
Publisher New York, NY :2014
Edition Large print edition.
Language English
Description xiii, 813 pages (large print) : illustrations ; 25 cm
Bibliography Notes Includes bibliographical references (pages 685-813).
ISBN 9780316239820
0316239828
Other Classic View